The objectives established during the public consultation held in the summer of 2019 continue to guide Quebec’s immigration planning for 2020 to 2022.
The economic category has a maximum target of 33,900 newcomers, or more than 65% of planned admissions. Under this category, the province anticipates welcoming 29,500 skilled workers and 4,300 business immigrants, including investors, entrepreneurs, and self-employed individuals.
The remaining 18,100 new permanent residents are anticipated to be brought in through refugee and family reunification programs, among other immigration programs.
The Quebec Immigration Department presents its immigration strategy each year. Plans have only been made public to date with goals for the upcoming year. It describes the categories into which the province will admit new permanent residents and the number of new permanent residents the province intends to admit in the upcoming year. However, the province will develop a multi-year plan beginning in 2024 following a consultation in 2023.
French as Main Target
Because one of its main pillars is to preserve the French language in Quebec, CAQ’s new plan places an emphasis on selecting immigrants who already speak the language. By 2023, the Ministry of Immigration, Francization, and Integration predicts that 79% of economic immigrants and 66% of immigrants from all categories will be fluent in French.
As part of his campaign, Legault pledged to allow only 50,000 newcomers to enter Quebec annually in this year’s provincial election. Because it is challenging to integrate newcomers into Quebec society, particularly those who need to learn French, he believes that this is the greatest number of immigrants that the province can accommodate.
Immigration to Quebec
Candidates who wish to immigrate must apply directly to the province through one of its immigration programs because Quebec selects skilled immigrants based on its own criteria and procedures.
Candidates who meet the program’s requirements and are selected will receive a Certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ) from the Minister of Immigration, de la Francisation et de l’Intégration of Quebec.
A candidate must apply to IRCC for permanent residence as soon as they receive a CSQ and pass medical, security, and criminal background checks.